There is a relation between personal risk factors and criminal behavior in a social context. There have been relations regarding criminal behavior such as physical/sexual abuse in the home, parental criminal behavior, parental drug use, poverty, unemployment, lack of education, or gang participation within the home.
Andrews & Bonta (2010), have noted that regardless of the family social class the criminal activity or delinquency is relatively high. Students were asked during research if they like to take risks and found that risks were taken by those associated with delinquency. Also, men reported more criminal involvement than women, regardless of scores on the personality measure.
There is a fragile link between gender and criminal behavior due to origin of social class. As we have believed that poverty plays a role in criminal activity, the variable of gender provides a connection. The neighborhood of lower socio-economics validates a risk of impulsive “personality, antisocial attitudes, antisocial associates, and problematic family relationships.”
Criminological research has revealed that living in a high-crime neighborhood, being raised by parents that are cold and withdrawn, reared in poverty, and having peers that are being delinquent are the key components of the chronic offender (Barnes, Beaver, Connolly, & Schwartz, 2016).
Andrews, D., & Bonta, J. (2010). The psychology of criminal conduct (5th ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.
Barnes, J., Beaver, K. M., Connolly, E. J., & Schwartz, J. A. (2016). Identifying the “truly disadvantaged”: A comprehensive biosocial approach. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 403(3), 213-223. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0165025415626517