I agree with Andrews & Bonta (2010) with the five risk factors as marital distress, alcohol/drug abuse, depressive symptomatology, age, and income. Although, these factors do not associate with these specialized offenders. Mental disordered offenders (MDOs) are not normally an offender, but the fact that they have some sort of mental disorder leaves them out of this specialization in my opinion. The MDO may not even recognize they are committing a crime depending on the disorder.
Sex offenders and the person that stalks are very specialized in the crimes they commit, yet they cannot be compared to the general offender. It is true that these offenders may commit other crimes for adventure purposes, yet it is not their priority or specialization. The sex offender chooses a specific type of victim on most occasions. Their MO is often the same. To predict future crimes, authorities look more closely at victimology. Some of the risk factors may fit the profile, but not all of them. At this point I sound like an episode of “Criminal Minds.” A stalker usually has one victim in mind throughout the commission of their crime. They will allow themselves to be identified many times by the victim.
Male batterers also have a chosen victim or victims. The adult victim often has difficulty choosing to continue with charges against their abuser for a variety of reason ranging from intimate feelings for the perpetrator to fear of the perpetrator. Once convicted, the batterer often attends domestic violence counseling or batterer intervention programs. Also, the perpetrator is normally financially responsible for these programs. In my experience, the success rate was below 50%. There is also a connection between physical aggression by a perpetrator and intoxication (Fals-Stewart, 2003). More recently, there has been a study done that links not only alcohol to male batterers, but also gambling behavior (Brasfield et al., 2012). I can understand from an addictive standpoint, that drinking can lead to gambling and gambling can lead to more drinking. If physical abuse is the pattern for a perpetrator with those addictions, the pattern would continue until the cycle is broken.
Andrews, D., & Bonta, J. (2010). The psychology of criminal conduct (5th ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.
Brasfield, H., Febres, J., Shorey, R., Strong, D., Bucossi, M., Schonbrun, Y. C., … Stuart, G. L. (2012). Male batterers’ alcohol use and gambling behavior. Journal of Gambling Studies, 28, 77-88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10899-011-9246-0
Fals-Stewart, W. (2003). The occurrence of partner physical aggression on days of alcohol consumption: A longitudinal diary study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71(1), 41-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.71.41